The Xoloitzcuintli dog breed, sometimes called Xolo alone, may well have descended from the first dogs to set foot on the North American continent.
In their native Mexico and Central America, they were popular ‘doctors’: the warmth their bodies give comfort to people with arthritis and other ailments.
People still like to cuddle with them today!
People are often intrigued by their unusual appearance and their quiet but attentive personality. At first glance, and sometimes second and third, the Xolo may not look attractive to everyone.
A wrinkled forehead, twisted eyes, parabolic antenna ears and a rat-like tail, not to mention a mostly hairless body, make Xolo a dog that does not have the universal appeal of a Golden Retriever, for example.
But even so, there are people who appreciate the characteristics that make the Xolo stand out from other dogs.
However, if you look closer, you will see a slim, robust and well muscled dog with a body that is a little longer than tall. A wedge-shaped skull gradually diminishes towards the muzzle.
The expression is that of an intelligent, animated dog whose forehead wrinkles when its attention is focused on something. The almond-shaped eyes vary in color from yellow to black.
The large ears, worn erect, have an elegantly thin and delicate texture. Puppies may have a wrinkled body, but as they grow their skin smooths.
The feet are webbed, and the tail is long and thin.
The Xoloitzcuintli dog has advantages that could be hidden by its unusual appearance.
They come in three sizes: small, medium and large, and have a quiet personality and moderate exercise needs. This is a dog that will not leave you standing.
It’s important to make sure you know several Xolos before adopting one to make sure you have good chemistry with them. The Xolo is not an easy dog to rearrange if you decide it’s not right for you. Not everyone wants a dog with such unusual looks.
But if you like the idea of having a hot water bottle alive with the reputation of having a healing touch and the means to scare away evil spirits, the Xolo could be your dog.
Personality of the Xoloitzcuintli dog
The adult Xolo is a quiet dog, distant with strangers but attentive to his family. They usually choose one person as their favorite, but spare no affection for other members of the family.
A daily walk or vigorous play time in a fenced yard meets their exercise needs.
The rest of the time you’ll enjoy lying in the sun or huddling with you in an effort to stay warm. Take it with you whenever you can, they don’t like to be left alone at home.
Xoloitzcuintli breeds are excellent guard dogs and will alert you to anything that seems troubling.
However, they’re not annoying thieves, so if they sound off, it’s a good idea to see what’s been bothering them.
Xolos mistrust strangers and are not the kind of dog to easily make friends with people outside their family. They are also territorial towards other animals that enter their property.
Xolos that have not been well socialized can be aggressive with people or dogs they don’t know.
Train them using gentle positive reinforcement techniques, and this intelligent and sensitive dog will quickly learn what he likes and dislikes.
The health of the Xoloitzcuintli dog
Xoloitzcuintli dog breeds appear to be a healthy breed, although as with all dogs, you should make sure they are vaccinated and dewormed before taking them home.
Although he’s not sure if Xoloitzcuintli dog is prone to serious genetic diseases, they do have some traits that can affect the way they look and the way you care for them.
The first, of course, is the lack of hair, so a Xolo needs protection from the sun and extremely cold weather.
Apply formulated dog sunscreen all over your body, especially if they’re light-coloured, and don’t leave them outdoors for long periods unless they have a shady place where they can get away from the sun’s rays.
In cold snowy weather, they will appreciate a sweater or coat to keep them warm. Indoors, let the Xolos go natural so they don’t overheat or develop skin problems with clogged pores.
The good news is that your hard skin heals quickly if it is cut or scraped.
Another interesting aspect is that lack of hair and teething are genetically linked.
Many adult Xolos without hair are losing their premolars, the bicuspids located between the canines and molars. This does not affect their ability to eat and has no flaws in the display ring.
The care of the Xoloitzcuintle breed
Weekly trims the fast-growing nails of the Xoloitzcuintle dog breeds. If you can hear them clicking in the dream, they are too long.
The sooner you introduce your Xolo to trim their nails, the less stressful the experience for both of you.
Brush their teeth at least two or three times a week (every day is better) to eliminate tartar and bacteria. Start when your puppy is young to get used to it.
Keep up to date with annual visits to the vet so that the dog remains in good health.
As you prepare them, look for lesions, rashes or signs of infection, such as redness, tenderness or swelling in the skin, ears, nose, mouth and eyes, and feet. The ears should smell good, without too much wax or dirt on the inside, and the eyes should be clear, without redness or discharge.
This careful weekly exam will help you detect possible health problems at an early stage.
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