Even the Labrador Retriever, known by many as the dog par excellence of all American dog , is actually a Canadian breed. But there are several popular dog breeds that are recognized as being ‘made in the United States’.
We have fallen in love with the German Shepherds, the cattle dogs of Australia, the Setter of Ireland and the water dogs of Portugal.
Dog breeds should not be thought of as made, created, produced or constructed as a garment or technology, but like almost everything on Earth these days, some person or group of people had a great part in their creation.
American dog breeds can range from those produced in the 16th century by early settlers and pioneers to those whose breed profile has just been included in the register.
They may even be primitive races that existed with Native American tribes since the dawn of modern history.
History of American Dog Breeds
All American dog breeds developed at one time or another in the U.S. with the help of breeds found in other parts of the world.
Like breeds all over the world, they were designed with a purpose either to create a breed that would be better for a job or task or simply an original idea from a breeder who hopes to make a lap dog more loving, more hypoallergenic and more trainable.
Then there are those breeds that are ancient in origin and may have come to the Americas over Bering’s land bridge during the last Ice Age. These first dogs, no doubt, traveled with their human counterparts anywhere between 35,000 and 12,000 years ago.
Little by little, these people eventually became the tribes we know as American Indians or Native Americans.
Their dogs followed and performed such tasks as hunting and recovery, protecting livestock, servicing pack animals, carrying large containers of possessions on steep terrain, or sacrificing themselves as food for hungry humans.
Undoubtedly, dogs became the first domesticated animals of the new Native American tribes, as well as throughout the world.
As in all other countries, people saw a need that could possibly be met by a dog’s work, and then began a program that would create the perfect candidate for this work.
Perhaps the specialized field needed a shepherd or a shepherd dog who could work the herds better than a European dog.
By the 20th century, there was a need and a desire to find breeds of dogs that would become companions; they may be breeds that were once used for other purposes, but now they could join a society that craved canine companionship, the four-legged substitute of a child who could be cuddled, pampered, and loved.
Today, we look back and see that these U.S.-made breeds were developed by people all over the country, from the Appalachian Mountains to the heart of the United States and the great southwestern states.
List of American Dog Breeds
1) Alaska Malamute: It is a native breed of Alaska, among his cousins are the Samoyed of Russia, the Siberian Husky and the Eskimo dogs of Greenland.
The Alaskan Malamute is named after the native Inuit tribe called the Mahlemuts. These powerful dogs descended from the domesticated wolf dogs that accompanied the Paleolithic hunters across the dirt bridges of the Bering Strait.
2) American Eskimo Dog: As you can guess by its name, the American Eskimo Dog is among the American dog breeds recognized by the AKC.
This breed has German ancestors, in fact, despite the word ‘Eskimo’ in its name, the breed does not seem to have any detectable connection to Eskimo culture.
The breed probably descended from European spitzes, that includes the white Pomerania dog and the Italian Volpino, also known as the Italian White Pomerania dog.
3) American Foxhound: Another breed of dogs native to the United States, the American Foxhound descends from a line of dogs that came to the American colonies from England in 1650.
A man named Robert Brooke transported it, and eventually ‘established a Foxhounds breeding and work package in America’. These beautiful bloodhounds actually formed the basis of several strains of American bloodhounds.
4) American Terrier hairless: Most people know about hairless cats, but many have not heard of the American Terrier hairless.
These dogs are the first hairless breed to originate in the United States. Curiously, they had the same lineage as the Rat Terrier until the 1970s. In 1972, a rare mutation occurred in a litter of Rat Terriers, so a completely hairless puppy was born in a litter where the others were normal Rat Terriers.
5) American Leopard Dog: It is one of the least known American dog breeds, is among the oldest dog breeds in America.
The exact origin of the breed is not known, however, those who have researched the history of the breed argue that the dogs brought to the New World by the Spanish conquistadors played a role in the evolution of the American Leopard Dog.
6) American Staffordshire Terrier: It is one of the many breeds that people popularly know as ‘Pitbulls’, may be one of the most popular dog breeds in the United States.
The breed that today is called American Staffordshire Terrier is very similar to the Bulldog that would have found in England until the early nineteenth century. But American breeders created this dog because they wanted a dog heavier and more resistant than the English race.
7) American Water Spaniel: May not be among the least common dog breeds, however, it does sound like one of the truly American dog breeds recognized by the AKC.
The group reports that the origin of this breed actually remains a mystery. The ancestors of the breed probably include the Irish Water Spaniel and the Ancient English Water Spaniel.
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